Marble inlay work is one of the most attractive arts that makes from marble. Same guy who adorns the mahal taj and other moghol monuments. It is a traditional art closely protected and only a few exponents are available today. The delicate process consists of manual cutting and engraving of marble shapes.
For starters, a predefined pattern, for example, a floral or geometric design is engraved on the marble slab. Small pieces of marble of different shades are cut delicately to fit into these grooves accurately. These small pieces are then slipped into the grooves. In addition to marble, many other materials can also be used.The work of incrustation on delicate precious stone began in the flora workshops in italia towards the end of the 20th century. It was known as pietra dura. (pietra stone, dura hard) the Italians had created a classical artistic form and had a monopoly on it. From 1630 onwards, pietra appeared on small unbreakable objects such as decorative panels, with bird and flower motifs, adapted to the fronts of cabinets and to the top of the table. Some of them soon reached the moghols in the form of gifts. Of all the Moghol emperors, shah jahan was the greatest patron of architecture in India. For him, no amount of money or time was too much to create a lasting and eternal architectural beauty and through it we always remember.
It is in its buildings that one feels most obliged to make the connection between the Moghol art and the pietra dura. The mahal taj, the cenotaphs of the emperor and his wife, the ground floor and the surrounding marble balustrades look very well like the shape pietra dura. This item is made of stone.